VITILIGO What’s it? It’s a disease in which a loss of skin pigmentation occurs (discoloration with white patches) affecting 1 to 2% of the world population, irrespective of racial, sexual or regional differences. Hair depigmentation may occur as well. How is it acquired? The cause is unknown, and there seems to be a family predisposition… Continuar lendo VITILIGO


HERPES SIMPLEX What is it? It’s an infection caused by a virus from the human herpes family (HSV-I and HSV-II). Every human herpes virus has some characteristics for infection and is able to establish a latent infection (non-manifested, hidden) in man. How is it acquired? Transmission occurs by direct contact of an individual’s infected lesion… Continuar lendo HERPES SIMPLEX


Atopic Dermatitis Synonym: atopic eczema What is it? Atopic dermatitis is a chronic disease causing skin inflammation, leading to the development of lesions and pruritus. About 30% of the individuals with atopic dermatitis have asthma or allergic rhinitis, and 15% have urticaria fits. Some studies point out that 70% of the patients have a family… Continuar lendo ATOPIC DERMATITIS


ACNE popular names: acne vulgaris, pimples, blackheads, comedo. What is it? Acne vulgaris or juvenile acne is one of the most prevalent dermatoses (skin disorders), affecting about 80% of the adolescents, but it may persist or begin in adulthood. Its a disorder of the pilo-sebaceous unit called pyoderma (hair and sebacious gland). The most severe… Continuar lendo ACNE


THE RAW FISH DISEASE diphyllobothriasis Definition Diphyllobothriasis is an infection caused by a fish parasite, also known as fish tapeworm. The infection is similar to the taenia solium and the taenia saginata, which contamination occurs through the ingestion of undercooked beef and pork. Humans are the definitive hosts, but other mammals such as dogs and… Continuar lendo THE RAW FISH DISEASE


PANCREATITIS What is it? Pancreatitis an the inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas is an organ situated in the upper part of the abdomen, roughfly behind the stomach. It is an organ with various functions, being responsible part for insuline production and part for the production of the required substances for the digestion of foods.… Continuar lendo PANCREATITIS


LIVING DONOR LIVER TRANSPLANT Until the 1970s, there was no perspective of treatment for patients with end-stage liver disease. The only treatment available were palliative measures just to mitigate the patient´s suffering until the final phase of the natural course of the disease. However, liver transplantation opened increasingly exciting perspectives, and probably represents the greatest… Continuar lendo LIVING DONOR LIVER TRANSPLANT


IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME   Cláudio Wolff, MD, Gastroenterology Specialist by the Brazilian Federation of Gastroenterology. Fábio Segal, MD., Ph. D. in Clinical Medicine by the State University Rio Grande do Sul. Fernando Wolff, MD.   Alternative names: Spastic colon, nervous stomach, mucous colitis What is it? It’s a set of chronic or recurrent gastrointestinal manifestations… Continuar lendo IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME


INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION IN ADULTS Rolf Zelmanowicz, MD., Gastroenterology. Report of our 17-year medical experience in Gastroenterology, in which we have participated in the treatment of 500 adult acute abdomen cases, of which 80% had intestinal obstruction. Intestinal obstruction is the partial or total interruption of transit of the alimentary bolus through the intestinal tract. Main… Continuar lendo INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION IN ADULTS


HEPATITIS C What is it? An inflammation of the liver (hepatitis) caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). How is it acquired? Risk situations are blood transfusions, sharing of syringes and needles (drug injectors), and accidents in which health care providers are stung with a needle or hit by secretion from a contaminated patient. Thus,… Continuar lendo HEPATITIS C