ABDOMINAL PAIN Cláudio Wolff, MD, Gastroenterology Specialist by the Brazilian Federation of Gastroenterology. Fábio Segal, MD., Ph. D. in Clinical Medicine by the State University Rio Grande do Sul. Fernando Wolff, MD. Synonym: bellyache What is it? Pain is a response and an alert from the body in an attempt at demonstrating that something wrong… Continuar lendo ABDOMINAL PAIN


CIRRHOSIS What’s it? Cirrhosis is a diffuse disease of the liver that alters the functions of its cells and of the systems of bile ducts and blood vessels. It results from diverse processes, among which are the death of liver cells and production of a non-functional fibrous tissue. This harms the whole structure and the… Continuar lendo CIRRHOSIS


CROHN'S DISEASE Alternative name: regional enteritis What is it? The group of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) encompasses Crohn's disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC). CD is characterized by a chronic inflammation of one or more parts of the digestive tract, from the mouth, passing through the esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, to the rectum… Continuar lendo CROHN’S DISEASE


FLATULENCE AND ERUCTATION What’s it? Eructation is the usually noisy release through the mouth of the air contained in the esophagus and stomach. Generally, this occurs after meals, when the stomach is more full, and the transit from the esophagus down to the stomach is more relaxed. Flatulence is the voluntary or involuntary release of… Continuar lendo FLATULENCE AND ERUCTATION


GASTRITIS Cláudio Wolff, MD, Gastroenterology Specialist by the Brazilian Federation of Gastroenterology.Fábio Segal, MD., Ph. D. in Clinical Medicine by the State University Rio Grande do Sul.Fernando Wolff, MD. Also known as stomach inflammation What is it? The stomach is a kind of sac that receives what we ingest. Internally, it's lined with a mucosa,… Continuar lendo GASTRITIS


GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX Esofagitis of refluxo, hernia of hiatus, acidity, refluxo. That is? It is a system of complaints that accompanies alterations in the esophagus resulting by the abnormal ebb tide (returned) of the stomach content until the esophagus. Nausea and vomit do not happen generally. How develops or how it is acquired? The esophagus of… Continuar lendo GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX


HEPATITIS A jaundice, effusion of bile. What is it? It is an inflammation of the liver (hepatitis) caused by a virus called Virus of the Hepatitis A (HAV). By the way it is transmitted, this kind of hepatitis occurs mainly in less developed areas, with poor sanitary conditions and lack of basic sanitation. In these… Continuar lendo HEPATITIS A


HEPATITIS B What’s it? It’s a liver inflammation caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). How is it acquired? Blood transfusions used to be the main way of transmission, a circumstance that has become rare with the mandatory laboratory testing of donors. Currently, the sharing of syringes, needles and other instruments amid drug users, as… Continuar lendo HEPATITIS B


HEPATITIS C What is it? An inflammation of the liver (hepatitis) caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). How is it acquired? Risk situations are blood transfusions, sharing of syringes and needles (drug injectors), and accidents in which health care providers are stung with a needle or hit by secretion from a contaminated patient. Thus,… Continuar lendo HEPATITIS C


INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION IN ADULTS Rolf Zelmanowicz, MD., Gastroenterology. Report of our 17-year medical experience in Gastroenterology, in which we have participated in the treatment of 500 adult acute abdomen cases, of which 80% had intestinal obstruction. Intestinal obstruction is the partial or total interruption of transit of the alimentary bolus through the intestinal tract. Main… Continuar lendo INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION IN ADULTS